So here is my take on referencing. Gripping stuff!

Today we got another talk on how to reference or more specific ‘Harvard’ referencing. It is important to acknowledge our sources of information to avoid plagiarism, verify quotations to the reader and also allow the reader to follow up on the original authors thinking by checking up the source supplied.

We need to reference anything we find from secondary and sometimes primary sources such as quotes or passages from books, magazines/journals, websites, email ideas, speeches, thoughts, opinions and facts. Referencing changes slightly depending on where you are referencing from, eg book or website.

Referencing quotes is different to referencing where you got the quote from, you can refer to a quote from a book but when it comes to creating a reference list more information is required.

Referencing/ Quoting Books –

Summarising a Book –

As a made up example, author Iain Mortimer has written a book in 2007 on ‘Pottery – How to make a pot’, that explains how to make simple clay pots. You may want to summarise and accurately reference the main gist of the book in the following way. (Really easy example)

Mortimer (2007) suggests that pot making is easy.

A direct quote from inside a book or journal  –

Sometimes we do not need to quote an entire paragraph but instead a simple quote and include it within our work, for example.

McCarthy and Hatcher (1996: 69-70) insist that with presentations ‘structure must be clear and precise’.

Explained Below:


Reference List/Bibliography –

When it comes to creating a ‘reference list’ or ‘bibliography’, we would write the above book in this format.

Adair, J. (1988) Effective time management: How to save time and spend it wisely, London: Pan Books.

Explained Below:

Finding the Information needed to reference/quote –

Look for the author’s name, a copyright symbol and then a date (this will be the date of publication) Usually all of this information is found on the first first pages, normally within a chunk of small text, however it may be found towards the back of the book.

Referencing Web pages –

A lot of information we get comes from the internet, to reference a website the below format is used. Iain just loves his pottery.

Mortimer, I. (2011). Pottery. Available: Last accessed 17th January 2011.

Explained Below:

It is quite hard to get your head around referencing, when to do it and what exactly needs to be referenced and included, I’m still trying to work it out myself.

There is site which I found that can be used to create the reference by simply inputting a few details such as the author, date published, publisher etc. It creates the reference for websites, books, chapters of books, emails etc. Here is the site, it’s very easy to use.

Harvard Reference Generator!

I’m not 100% sure if this is all correct but I think I’ll be using it to check up on rather than hunting for a piece of paper.

The images were made by me to illustrate what goes into a reference/quote by breaking it up into sections.